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Imperative mood

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To express a request, order or proposal to perform any action in the Crimean Tatar language, it is necessary to use verbs in the imperative mood.

The peculiarity of the imperative mood in the Crimean Tatar language is that for the imperative mood we may use all persons, while, for example, in Russian or English, we may use only in the second person.

Declination formula:

Verb stem + Separating affix -a, -e, -ı or -i + Personal affix

Declination of the verb yapmaq in the imperative mood

 

Single

Plural

1st person

yapayım – let me do

yapayıq – let us do

2nd person

yap – do

yapıñız – do

3rd person

yapsın – let him do

yapsınlar – let them do

Declination of the verb bermek in the imperative mood

 

Single

Plural

1st person

bereyim – let me give

bereyik – let us give

2nd person

ber – give

beriñiz – give

3rd person

bersin – let him give

bersinler – let them give

In order to empower the necessity of an action we may use affixes -çı, -çi.

Example:

aytçı say (immediately)
keteyikçi go out from here (immedeately)

Affixes -ma and -me are used for the negative imperative mood.

Declination formula:

Verb stem + Negative affix + Personal affix

Declination of the verb qalmaq in negative imperative mood

 

Single

Plural

1st person

qalmayım – let me not stay

qalmayıq – let us not stay

2nd person

qalma – do not stay

qalmañız – do not stay

3rd person

qalmasın – let him not stay

qalmasınlar – let them not stay

Declination of the verb kelmek in negative imperative mood

 

Single

Plural

1st person

kelmeyim – let me not come

kelmeyik – let us not come

2nd person

kelme – do not come

kelmeñiz – do not come

3rd person

kelmesin – let him not come kelmesinler – let them not come

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